To nurture the skills of resilience is key to providing young people with the ability to cope with stress, adversity, failure and challenges. Resilience is evident when young people have a greater ability to “bounce back” when faced with difficulties and achieve positive outcomes.
Resilience is required to exert self-discipline in the use of digital devices, to limit screen time and prioritise the importance of getting sufficient sleep.
Enabling children to have accurate, appropriate knowledge about their bodies, their health and wellbeing allows them to build knowledge, skills, and positive attitudes about health. Health education teaches about physical, mental, emotional and social health. It motivates students to improve and maintain their health, prevent disease, and reduce risky behaviours – now and in the future.
By the end of primary school pupils should know:
- How to recognise early signs of physical illness, such as weight loss, or unexplained changes to the body.
- About safe and unsafe exposure to the sun, and how to reduce the risk of sun damage, including skin cancer.
- The importance of sufficient good quality sleep and limiting screen time for good health
- About dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene, including visits to the dentist.
- About personal hygiene and germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread and the importance of handwashing.
- About immunisations.
In relation to Basic First Aid by the end of primary school pupils should know:
- How to make a clear and efficient call to emergency services if necessary.
- Concepts of basic first-aid, for example dealing with common injuries, including head injuries.
By the end of secondary school pupils should know:
- About personal hygiene, germs (including microbes), the spread, treatment and prevention of infection, and about antibiotics.
- About dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene and flossing, including visits to the dentist.
- Late secondary – the benefits of regular self-examination (including screening and immunisation).
- The importance of sufficient good quality sleep for good health and how a lack of sleep can affect weight, mood, and ability to learn.
In relation to Basic First Aid by the end of secondary school pupils should know:
- Basic treatment for common injuries.
- Life-saving skills, including how to administer CPR.
- The purpose of defibrillators and when one might be needed.