To nurture the skills of resilience is key to providing young people with the ability to cope with stress, adversity, failure and challenges. Resilience is evident when young people have a greater ability to “bounce back” when faced with difficulties and achieve positive outcomes.
Resilience enables an individual to identify discrimination; to make a stand against bullying, aggressive and disrespectful behaviour and to seek support.
Schools have a key role to play in helping children and young people to develop their resilience and in keeping them safe. Schools can provide a safe place where children and young people can easily speak to trusted adults, report problems, access support and enable them to resist risky behaviours and recover from setbacks.
An education programme should be used to equip pupils with a sound understanding of risk and with the knowledge and skills necessary to make safe, informed decisions in a variety of environments and settings. This could sit within existing PSHE or RSE classes.
By the end of primary school pupils should know
- How to keep safe and about people who can help them stay safe
- Recognise what is fair and unfair, kind and unkind and what is right and wrong
- Common dangers encountered when travelling to and from school
- Recognise when people are being unkind either to them or others, how to respond, who to tell and what to say
- Listen to other people, and play and work cooperatively
- Identify and respect the differences and similarities between people
Internet safety and harms
- that for most people the internet is an integral part of life and has many benefits.
- about the benefits of rationing time spent online, the risks of excessive time spent on electronic devices and the impact of positive and negative content online on their own and others’ mental and physical wellbeing.
- how to consider the effect of their online actions on others and know how to recognise and display respectful behaviour online and the importance of keeping personal information private.
- why social media, some computer games and online gaming, for example, are age restricted.
- that the internet can also be a negative place where online abuse, trolling, bullying and harassment can take place, which can have a negative impact on mental health.
- how to be a discerning consumer of information online including understanding that information, including that from search engines, is ranked, selected and targeted.
- where and how to report concerns and get support with issues online.
Basic First Aid
- how to make a clear and efficient call to emergency services if necessary.
- concepts of basic First Aid, for example dealing with common injuries, including head injuries.
By the beginning of secondary school pupils should know
- The nature and consequences of discrimination, teasing, bullying and aggressive behaviours (including cyber bullying), and how to respond and ask for help.
- Listen and respond respectfully to a wide range of people
- Feel confident to raise their own concerns
- Recognise and care about other people’s feelings
- Respect others with different sexual orientations
- See that their actions affect others
- The consequences of carrying a knife
- The dangers and risk of gangs
- Different types of abuse including bullying, domestic violence, coercive control and trafficking
Internet safety and harms
- the similarities and differences between the online world and the physical world, including: the impact of unhealthy or obsessive comparison with others online (including through setting unrealistic expectations for body image), how people may curate a specific image of their life online, over-reliance on online relationships including social media, the risks related to online gambling including the accumulation of debt, how advertising and information is targeted at them and how to be a discerning consumer of information online.
- how to identify harmful behaviours online (including bullying, abuse or harassment) and how to report, or find support, if they have been affected by those behaviours.
Basic First Aid
- basic treatment for common injuries.
- life-saving skills, including how to administer CPR.
- the purpose of defibrillators and when one might be needed.